The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments

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The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments

Many philosophers have attempted to prove the existence of God, although there is no argument as yet which proves without any doubt that God exists. A proof is the demonstration that something is true or, in this case, that God exists. There are 3 types of proof; direct, deductive, and inductive. A direct proof is when something is immediately obvious, so therefore, it cannot be used to prove God's existence. However, Inductive and Deductive Arguments could be used to prove the existence of God.

An Inductive argument is a posteriori (based on experience) which is logic involving reasoning from effect to cause.
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(2) The universe exists. Therefore:

(3) The universe has a cause of its existence.

(4) If the universe has a cause of its existence, then that cause is God. Therefore:

(5) God exists.

It has been argued that this argument does not lead to the idea of God, but that it suggests that motion requires an explanation, E.g. Big Bang Theory.

The Teleological Argument, or Design Argument attempts to prove the existence of God by way of the nature, beauty and order of the world. To say the world is 'ordered' is to mean that it is ordered towards some end or purpose. The suggestion is that it is more plausible to suppose that the universe is so because it was created by an intelligent being in order to accomplish that purpose than it is to suppose that it is this way by chance.

These arguments were notably criticised by David Hume, who said that using an analogy can anthropomorphosise God - make him similar to humans, and also questioned why a benevolent creator who designed the world would create evil too?

The aim of these arguments is to show that God's existence is a reasonable conclusion, and is probable rather than necessary. E.g. God is seen as a desirable explanation for motion and cause. Individually, these arguments have been criticised, but F.R Tennant has argued that the arguments have a cumulative effect - together they form a