The Postpartum Depression ( Ppd )

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Postpartum depression (PPD) is a condition diagnosed in birth mothers upon returning home from the hospital after giving birth and feeling adrift. Symptoms may include depressed mood or severe mood swings from the first few weeks, to up to six months after birth. While hormonal changes is just one of the many factors that contribute to PPD, sleep deprivation, lifestyle, and environment may also affect any new parent (Smith, & Segal, 2016). Although our knowledge about PPD has greatly advanced in recent years, many aspects of pregnancy and the postpartum depression process are not understood and could be contributing to the high prevalence and low treatment rates. Three areas need to be further addressed to better understand postpartum…show more content…
Of the group of participants, (83%) of the women were White, (10%) Hispanic, (3%) Asian Pacific Islander, and (4%) identified as Other. Age ranges included 15-44 years old with the mean age of 27. Eighty-three percent of the women were married. The majority of the women were insured (63%), with (24%) having had Medicaid, and (25%) reported that they were self-pay. Thirteen percent of the women reported a family history of psychiatric illness while (23%) reported a personal history of a mood disorder. Thirty percent of the sample reported that they were stay-at-home mothers while (70%) reported they were currently employed. The majority of the women’s partners also were employed, with (10%) being unemployed. Women were excluded from the study if they were currently diagnosed or being treated for a mood disorder based on patient self-report or documentation in the hospital medical record. Methods comprised of obtaining written informed consent from participants as well as their demographic information. Adolescents who had recently given birth and were considered emancipated, were able to provide their own informed consent. Researchers either conducted a structured interview with postpartum women in the hospital or through a review of the women’s medical record. Demographic data included maternal age, years of education completion, marital status, and insurance
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