The Postpartum Period : A Time Of Huge Physiologic And Psychological Adjustment
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The postpartum period is a time of huge physiologic and psychological adjustment. The nurse plays an important role during this time, offering support and encouragement to the family, which fosters a healthy and loving relationship with the newborn. In addition to the emotional support, the nurse also must be vigilant in her assessment skills to detect any variation from normal, so that prompt intervention can be provided to thwart complications.
Because of the vast array of cultural differences in today’s society, it is important for the nurse to be aware of any special considerations pertaining to each individual patient. Racial and ethnic differences can have a profound effect on social interactions and relationships; respectfully determining cultural and social practices and preferences is the first step in cultivating a trusting relationship between the nurse and the family, which is essential to providing effective care (Negron, Martin & Almog, 2013). Periodic self-evaluations are essential to avoid any stereotypes or prejudices that might interfere positive patient outcomes. Once a rapport is established, the postpartum nurse should begin the comprehensive nursing assessment, which will include vital signs, physical and psychosocial assessments, as well as assessing interactions between the mother and her new baby with the other members of the family who are present.
Maternal vital signs should be obtained upon admission to the postpartum unit, and compared with