The Poultry Farming Is The Most Popular Industry For The Small Holders

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Introduction: The poultry industry has become the most popular industry for the small holders with tremendous contribution in the world and employment opportunities creation (Adebayo and Adeola, 2005; Okonkwo and Akubo, 2001). Therefore, it is important that poultry farming be carried out efficiently for high productivity and sustainability of the poultry industry. It has been established that feeding constitutes over that a estimate of 70% of the total cost of egg and broiler production (Afolayan and Afolayan, 2008) which implies that efforts to increase Ghana poultry industry productivity should be directed towards improving feed formulation system. This lab report seeks to apply mathematical optimization techniques to the feed…show more content…
Every year the marketing age of broilers decreases by an average of 0.75 days for the same performance. The problem is recognized as optimizing cost factor, which depends on constraints (ingredients of the feed) and could be solved by Deterministic Linear Programming Model, (DLPM) or Mixed Integer Programming, (MIP). This trend is likely to continue in the same direction for the coming years. Nutrition plays a vital role in enabling this improvement. As the feed cost represents an expensive input (70-80% of broiler production cost), the poultry producer should be aware of the dynamics of the feed in its influence on final product quantity and quality. Formulating feed ideally requires in-depth knowledge of several parameters such as the energy level to be maintained in the diet, balancing the amino acid profile and electrolytes of feed etc., which, otherwise, if not properly monitored, could negatively influence the performance and profitability of the business. Many poultry farmers, however, employ inefficient methods like rule of thumb, experiences, and intuition to handle feed formulation problem. The poultry industry has a significant effect on national economy; it is a popular industry for the small holders. The aim of this lab report is to develop an optimization feed formulation model, using locally available feed ingredients, for the poultry industry. Relevant literature is

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