The Power of Mongol Conquers Essays

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Temüjin, better known as Chinggis Khan, was a Mongolian born in 1160’s, who later became the leader of the one of the most successful armies in the history of a mankind. Mongols under his leadership Mongols first conquered China relatively easily and then moved towards west, partly simultaneously. This essay examines the reasons for his success in conquering Iran and especially the reasons why the Muslims of Iran were not able to resist his army’s invasion. First this essay discusses Chinggis Khan’s army’s strength and superiority in general level, then shifting focus to the particular case of Iran. It becomes evident that Chinggis Khan was an extraordinary military leader and that besides that the army was extremely successful due to its…show more content…
Even though some sources very likely exaggerate the number of soldiers, it is still clear that Mongol armies were huge. However, it is not the most important factor when it comes to that army’s capability. Above all the army had extraordinarily skilful archers. As George Lane puts it, they “were famous for their ability to fire their arrows in any direction while mounted and galloping at full speed.” They were also quick to learn new strategies and to adapt new weapons. They got explosives from China and learnt to use them effectively. More importantly, they learnt to besiege cities, which was something they did not initially know how to do effectively. This skill became very important later when they were attacking Khwarezmian Empire. Reuven Amitai mentions that the Mongols saw themselves as carrying out a divine mission to conquer the world. However, Amitai also questions whether that idea was universal among the Mongol army or whether only the officers of high rank had it. In any case this idea could have provided the Mongols with higher motivation and lesser amount of fear. George Lane, on the other hand, argues that the concept of divine Mongolian mission was not only believed in among the Mongols but also among the enemies. David Morgan argues that “it seems unlikely that in the beginning of the career of conquest the Mongols had seen themselves as having a divine commission to conquer the world. But they certainly
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