The Power of the Human Brain Essays

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Introduction Humans have been considered the highest form of living things on earth . This is not attributed to the fact that the human body is strong or agile , because there are multiple animals that possess strength and agility far beyond the imagination of humans . The main characteristic that distinguishes humans from all other organisms is the brain . The brain is the powerhouse of the body . However this is also the site of the mind . The mind has been said to give humans superior status over other creatures . With this one significant characteristic, humans have the ability to reason , feel and adapt . Man has crossed many miles stones beyond the capabilities of any other living thing ad there are many more feats to be reached…show more content…
The Cerebellum is located at the back of the brain , under the occipital and temporal lobes of the cereral cortex . and contains about 50% of the neurons in the brain and has been nicknamed the motor structure of the brain, due to the fact that a damaged cerebellum affects motor control and posture .The cerebellum performs the following functions • Maintains Balance and Posture • Coordination of voluntary movement • Motor Learning • Cognitive functions The Cerebellum is built from four different types of neurons which include granule cells, Purkinje cells and two types of inhibitory interneurons (Golgi cells and basket cells) The Brain Stem is on the bottom of the brain and is between the deeply rooted structures of the cerebral hemisphere and the cervical spinal cord. It is split into three sections or departments , midbrain(mesencephalon), pons(metencephalon and medulla oblongata 9myelencephalon). The brainstem which is storage for many control houses of the body that include functions like swallowing, breathing and vasomotor control. Cranial nerve nuclei is located in the brainstem with the exception of the ones associated with the olfaction and vision, these provide motor and sensory functions to the different structures in the cranium, e.g. facial muscles, tongue ,larynx and pharynx , it also serves the purpose of supplying the senses of taste, equilibrium and hearing . Complete loss of brainstem has been regarded by
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