The Prevalence Of Diabetes Mellitus

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The prevalence of diabetes mellitus, type 2 (DM II) is grossly affecting people worldwide. 24 million individuals in the United States were diagnosed with DM II in 2011 (Hunt, C. W., Grant, J. S., & Appel, S. J., 2011). 109.6 million DM II cases were reported in China in 2015, with an expected 36% increase by 2040 (Browning, C., Chapman, A., Yang, H., Liu, S., Zhang, T., Enticott, J. C., & Thomas, S. A., 2016). The incidence of DM II is also expected to increase by 190% in Omani people over the next 20 years (D’Souza, M. S., Karkada, S. N., Venkatesaperumal R., & Natarajan J., 2015). DM II is a cumbersome and chronic disease that requires meticulous self-care management. Efficient self-care behaviors are necessary to improve quality of…show more content…
The Role of Community Health Workers (CHWs) Sociocultural disparities with DM II management results in abridged growth and development, comorbidities, and premature-mortality. CHWs are strong advocates dedicated to improving community health and wellness in vulnerable populations. A hopeful intervention to help diabetic patients improve their health and quality of life is to promote the concept of employing community health workers (CHWs) (Van der Wees, P., et al., 2014). CHWs are an integral part of diabetes management, as they help to augment clinical practice and address many dimensions of a person’s life. The role and responsibility of CHWs is to communicate culturally sensitive and appropriate education, promote individualized self-efficacy using self-care themes, guide behavioral modifications, and provide patient care and social support (Hunt, C. W., et al., 2011). Black and African Americans, Latinos, and Asians are vulnerable populations for developing DM II (Van der Wees, P., et al., 2014). These particular groups have unique susceptibility risks requiring continuing education and multi-level prevention. However, based on research studies, these populations do not receive optimal care due to racial and ethnic barriers (Van der Wees, P., et al., 2014). Language deficits and treatment ambivalence due to a lack of trust are examples of cultural obstacles that influences the delivery of care and is counterproductive to patient outcomes (Van der
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