The Prevalence Of Manifestations Of Falciparum Malaria Essay

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Objectives: The aim of this study is to find out the prevalence of neurological manifestations of falciparum malaria and the outcome of falciparum malaria in general and of neurological involvement of falciparum malaria in particular.
Materials and Methods:
A prospective cross-sectional hospital-based study of 125 adult falciparum malaria patients using simple, direct, standardized questionnaire including history, lab investigations and neurological examination from January to December 2014.
Results:
The commonest age group affected was 15- 30 years (62.4%). 48.6% presented with neurological manifestations on admission. Altered sensorium was the most frequent neurological manifestation, followed by convulsions and hiccups. The mortality rate was very high with neurological manifestations. Case fatality rate was highest with convulsion. Perception about neurological manifestation was poor among tribal. Health care providers also failed to diagnose on initial visit.
Conclusion:
Falciperum malaria with neurological involvement is associated with increased mortality. By documenting different neurological patterns of falciparum malaria mortality and morbidity rates can be reduced by early diagnosis and management. Tribals and health personnel should be trained to make them aware of the different neurological presentations of this disabling disease.
Key words:
Falciparum malaria, neurological complications, mortality.

Introduction:
Malaria is not only common in

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