The Prevalence Of Mass Media Essay

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Researchers believe that access to mass media (i.e. Internet, television, newspaper, magazine, and other forms of social media) may be a correlate to low self-esteem and higher rates of body dissatisfaction (Stryer, 2009). Adolescents who have high body dissatisfaction will typically engage in behaviors that lead to eating disorders, such as dieting supplements, excessive exercise, or dietary restraints (Greene, 2012). Due to the prevalence of mass media advertisements and its role as a cause and predictor for adolescent body dissatisfaction or precursor to a variety of eating disorders, 10 million Americans have been professionally diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, 5 to 10 percent of these being men (Eguia and Bello, 2005; Forbes, et. al, 2013; Reel, 2013). Generally, models used in modern advertisements are at least twenty-three percent thinner than the average woman; whereas, twenty-five years ago, models were only required to be eight percent smaller than the average woman (Kiesbye, 2010). According to Griffin and Berry (as cited in Curry and Ray, 2010), the phenomenon of anorexia nervosa is considered a “culturally bound syndrome”, as it is seldom observed in non-Western cultures as related to anything but religious tradition. Mass media and its portrayal of the “ideal body type” has caused a crisis primarily related to body dissatisfaction among adolescents in reaction to the commercialized assurance that being thin is synonymous with attractiveness, popularity,
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