The Prevalence Of Obesity And Obesity

1196 WordsMay 17, 20155 Pages
The prevalence of obesity has increased significantly in populations worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) (2015) estimated that 400 million adults were considered obese worldwide and is projected to double by the year 2015. Traditionally, obesity is associated with high caloric intake and lower levels of physical activity in high income Western countries. However, low and middle income countries are increasingly becoming obese and becoming a major public health concern in regards to quality of life and life expectancy (WHO, 2015). Many serious health conditions in the developed world are associated with obesity, including stroke, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, certain cancers, and cardiovascular diseases (Musaiger, 2011). As one of the major health concerns worldwide, obesity is a complex disorder which results from multiple factors that may interact or be correlated together that may influence body weight (Akabas, Lederman, & Moore, 2012). Sociocultural and ethnic factors that may contribute to the complexity of obesity include: • Biological • Genetics • Cultural • Environmental • Social/Eating Behaviors Biological Factors Biological factors may mediate ethnic/racial and socioeconomic (SES) differences in obesity. For example, discrimination or low SES associated with race or ethnicity may result in increased stress. Stress has a direct effect on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, therefore resulting in increased levels of
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