The Prevalence Of Overweight And Obesity

1910 Words Dec 8th, 2015 8 Pages
Abstract: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in America has increased and with it so has the effort find ways to lose weight and maintain a healthy weight. Different diets with varying macronutrient contents are being investigated as to find out which are most effective for weight maintenance. This study sought out to demonstrate that the addition of plant-derived saturated fats high in medium chain fatty acids can aid in weight management in mammals. Twenty-four mice were fed isocaloric diets of differing fat content for thirty weeks, one with a standard feed representative of the American diet, one with a diet containing fat predominantly from coconut oil, and one with a diet containing fat predominantly from palm oil. This study found that mice fed a diet with fat coming mainly from coconut oil experienced a healthy and steady weight and insignificant change in insulin sensitivity as compared to the mice fed standard feed and diets with fat containing mostly palm oil. The results suggest that a diet containing saturated fat from coconut oil aids in weight management in mammals.

Introduction:
In accordance with the guidelines provided by the Department of Agriculture (USDA), the amount of dietary fat in the American diet has decreased over the last forty years. Dietary fat intake by Americans has decreased from 44.7% in 1965 to 33.6% in 2011 (1). In correlation with a decrease in dietary fat, there has been an increase in overweight and obese Americans. The…
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