The Prevalence Of Stressors And Anxiety Disorders

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Introduction
Stress and anxiety affect a large segment of the child and adolescent population. Numerous stressors from a wide range of domains contribute to the current levels of subclinical anxiety and diagnosed anxiety disorders. Without effective coping strategies, the cumulative effect of these stressors can lead to the clinical diagnosis of one or more anxiety disorders. Left untreated, these disorders can carry severe long-term consequences, including social, cognitive, and academic impairments. Furthermore, these deficiencies can lead to significant limitations in adulthood, such as reduced career choices, substance abuse, and an increase in the use of both mental and physical health care.
This paper will first review the prevalence of stressors and anxiety disorders, as well as the associated negative outcomes. It will then investigate the merits and limitations of several programs designed to treat and prevent anxiety disorders. Lastly, this article will discuss the FRIENDS for Life program, and a means of implementation.
Background & Significance
Prevalence of Stressors and Anxiety
Numerous studies have demonstrated the impact of stress on the lives of youth. Adolescents are exposed to a plethora of stressors that range from family discord (Omizo, Omizo, & Suzuki, 1988) to peer relationships (Newcomb, Huba, & Bentler, 1986; Patterson & McCubbin, 1987) to economic hardships (Lempers, Clark-Lempers, & Simon, 1989). However, the most frequently reported stressors stem
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