The Prevalence of Humanity

1662 Words7 Pages
“The defects of society [can be traced] back to the defects of human nature ... The shape of a society must depend on the ethical nature of the individual and not on any political system however apparently logical or respectable.” This idea, quoted from author William Golding, of a corrupt individual corrupting an otherwise idyllic society is exemplified many times over the course of human history: Joseph Stalin corrupts Karl Marx's idea of communism into a totalitarian government that eventually results in the death of tens of millions of his own people; Hitler uses the muse of a worker's government that would lift Germany out of the clasps of the Great Depression to rise to power so that he could fulfil his dreams of brutally…show more content…
To further research this question, the similar transitions of government and the similarities in the new authority figures displayed in Animal Farm and Lord of the Flies must be considered. As soon as both these new leaders start gaining ground in terms of authority, they abandon the ideologies of the previous regime, causing a transition of the government into one more despotic. They do this by taking away rights of the ordinary citizens. Napoleon announces that the regular Sunday-morning meetings would come to end, labelling them “unnecessary” and saying they “wasted time”. He says that all future decisions about the working of the farm would be settled. (Orwell 36) Jack diminishes the need for democracy and specifies decision-making rights to a select group of boys when he says, “We don't need the conch any more. We know who ought to say things. What good did Simon do speaking, or Bill, or Walter? It's time some people knew they've got to keep quiet and leave deciding things to the rest of us.” (Golding 110-111) The taking away of rights and freedom has proven to be a surefire way of assuring a deadly totalitarian government and a longer reign for the leaders. This is explicit in the leaderships of Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin, and their use of private police squads to frighten people into supporting them. The transition of governments from socialist (Animal Farm) and democratic (Lord of the
Open Document