The Principle Of Mutual Recognition

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The principle of Mutual Recognition In the model of an Area with Freedom, Security and Justice, cooperation has concentrated on two objectives; synchronisation of criminal law and the recognition of the principle of mutual recognition of criminal judgments and judicial decisions. Cooperation between EU Member States has been a topical issue since the 1970s. Since the Schengen Conventions the establishment in the 1990’s of free movement between countries in the EU, largely without border control generated mass inequality of arms between criminals. It gave organised crime the opportunity to manoeuvre throughout the EU without intervention, evading the control of the authorities. EU policing systems and judicial authorities needed a simpler way to work together. The solution was the principle of mutual recognition; it was believed that it would strike the correct balance between ‘unity and diversity’. The Tampere Thematic Council established the principle of mutual recognition in 1999. Mutual Recognition can be explained as a process whereby a judgement served from one judicial authority is recognised and adhered to by another judicial authority. This measure was a welcomed change to the previous strategies used in the EU regarding international cooperation in criminal matters. According to European Institutions, the older process of mutual legal assistance was too slow and could not endure the ever increasing problem of cross-border criminal activity. In essence, the
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