The Principle Of Separation Of Power

1494 WordsApr 12, 20166 Pages
Our Founding Fathers were no strangers to the long standing care of a government. Throughout history it has been proven over and over that when any one person is allowed to obtain and stockpile power that he/she becomes the greatest threat to liberty. It is no wonder that the most famous and treasured part of the Constitution, the separation of powers, was molded over hundreds of years. The idea of separation of power is not necessarily a new concept. As far back as 350 B.C. the Greek philosopher Aristotle made the observation in Politics that any government whether it be monarchal, democratic, and etc. has three basic branches: “the deliberative, the magisterial, and the judicative.” Today all three can be directly compared to: legislative, executive, and judicial within our modern day governments. However, while Aristotle asserted that all three were basic components to any and all governments, he did not specify that they should be wielded by separate entities of said governments. It would not be until centuries after Aristotle’s death that his idea of the different functions of government would be separated into different branches. It was the French philosopher Baron de Montesquieu put forth the idea that these powers should be separated, and no one person/branch should hold multiple powers. Of course while John Locke had made the case for splitting the legislative and executive powers, it was Montesquieu that gave our Founding Fathers the proof and/or backing for a
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