The Principle Of Utility And Hedonic Calculus Essay

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In this paper I will be discussing Bentham’s Principle of Utility and Hedonic Calculus and using these two concepts to decide whether or not animals should be allowed to be used for entertainment. I will then explain an advantage and a disadvantage to his hedonic calculus. The validity of hedonic calculus for me doesn 't seem to be an overall method to tell what is right from wrong because it does not factor in the morality of the situation. However, it is a great place to start. First I will go on to explain Bentham’s Principle of Utility
In the beginning of “An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation” written by Bentham himself he first starts off by saying, “Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure” This is the basis of what the principle of utility is all about. Pain and pleasure are what dictate or motivate us to do everything in life. Bentham believes that a decision can be made depending on how much pain and/or pleasure it will bring to the greatest amount of people. So if a decision brings more pain than pleasure to society as a whole it is deemed as wrong and if a decision brings more pleasure than pain it is deemed as a worthy thing to do. Bentham states, “to prevent mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness to the party whose interest is considered: if that party be the community in general, then the happiness of the community: if a particular individual, then the happiness of that individual.” The way
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