The Principles Governing Trading Between The Wto Member States And Their Repercussions On Human Rights

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Introduction
This essay is going to look at the principles governing trading between the WTO member states and their repercussions on human rights. This principles have a two way repercussion on human rights: on the one hand they tend to promote certain fundamental human rights; and on the other hand, they tend to undermine fundamental human rights. Article XX of the GATT is one good example. It empowers member states of the WTO to raise barriers to trade and discriminate against member states where such is necessary to protect human, animal or plant health. The state in however taking such a measure must do it in a manner that is as less trade-restrictive as possible. The essay will show how fundamental human rights such as the right to health is violated because a state is trying to adopt measures which are as less trade restrictive as possible.
Principles that Promote Trade
The objective of the WTO is to guarantee free and fair trade (equal access to markets) through the integration of markets and the trading system (qualitative dimension) on the one hand; and the elimination of quantitative restrictions (quantitative dimension) on the other. Trade is also promoted by the WTO through Differential and More Favourable Treatment, Reciprocity and Fuller Participation of Developing Countries (the Enabling Clause) which empowers developed countries to grant preferential treatment by way of Generalized Systems of Preferences (GSP) to goods originating from developing

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