The Principles of Scientific Management and Its Applications in Modern Day Organizations

2456 Words Aug 10th, 2013 10 Pages
The Principles of Scientific Management and its Applications in Modern Day Organizations


Managers have been continuously trying to figure out the best way to manage the workplace since the start of the industrial revolution. The goal is to maximize production output and minimize cost therefore getting maximized profit while still keeping workers happy and motivated. Different methods have been introduced and tested. But perhaps one of the most influential and popular ideas in management is ‘scientific management’ or ‘taylorism’ as people know it. Taylorism, along with fordism, which follows after, are considered to be the classical work organization. The reason behind this is because; these ideas correspond to the first
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This would make the production a lot quicker as the tasks are going to be less complicated. For example, in a company that produces chair, the task in making the chair would be separated to, cutting the parts off wood, assembly of the parts, paint and finishing touches, but even this can still be separated into smaller components. This will result in reducing the skill required for a task

The second principal is separate planning and doing. At the time, workers do all the planning and doing, in taylorism, the planning are taken from the workers and given to managers. This would make planning more optimal; standardizing every task. Before, workers would do his job with the way that he thinks is best, without or with only little help from the management. Now, the managers bear new duties, which are; first is developing a science in a man’s work for each element, second is to select the workmen in a scientific way and the train and develop them, third is cooperating with the men to insure that all the work are being done according to the principles of science that was developed, and the fourth is the responsibility of the workers and the managers are now divided almost equally.

The third is the separation of ‘direct’ and ‘indirect’ labour. The skilled workers (direct labour) are removed of all preparations and servicing tasks, and instead performed by unskilled and cheaper labour (indirect labour). Because of the first principle, which is maximum
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