The Principles of the Judicial System

585 Words2 Pages
Judicial System Qs 1) Six principles of most judiciary systems, as defined or implied in a resolution adopted by the Seventh United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, are: independence (i.e. freedom from other branches of government r other constraints), impartiality, sole rights of jurisdiction and jurisdictional purview (the courts decide what cases they will here, and what falls under their discretion), fair and equal access, confidential in its deliberations, and with direct authority and jurisdiction over accusations of judicial misconduct (i.e. self-policing) (UN, 1985). From these principles, it is easy to determine what two primary objectives of a judiciary might exist from a socio-legal perspective. Judiciaries serve to make sure laws created are fair to society, and that these laws are fairly, equally, and impartially applied to all within the laws' jurisdiction. 2) In a unified court system, all judicial entities are part of the same network, which has a centralized authority and typically a hierarchy, such that administration of judicial decisions is made more efficient and more consistent (CL, 2012). A partially unified court system consist of a similar network, but some courts in the network might also have specialized jurisdictions and duties that are not subject to the centralized authority of the system; specialized courts are wholly removed from such systems and operate independently, usually with very limited
Open Document