The Problem Of A Dichotomy Of Civil And Ethnic Nationalism

2246 Words Dec 8th, 2014 9 Pages
Not only economic, but also political realities of global process of democratization of the 1990s of the 20th century had impact on development of the political analysis of nationalism, having stabilized a problem of the analysis of a ratio of civil and ethnic nationalism not so much in general-theoretical, but in a regional direction.
The problem of a dichotomy of civil nationalism (as inherent mainly in countries of Western Europe and North America) and ethnic nationalism (widespread, according to the standard version, in the countries of the Central and Eastern Europe) became a subject of scientific discussion.
Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the USA were distinguished as a political type. Ideas of nation and the corresponding type of nationalism, according to Kohn (1961), arose and were created within earlier existing government institutions promoting distribution of the process of cultural homogenization (that is relative uniformity of society). The Western model of nationalism borrowed ideas of freedom and equality, fight against dynastic board, equating of nationality with nation accessory when all nations, which are a part, are united by the equal political status and desire (will) of the individual to be part of the nation. Within the Western model, the state preceded (or process of its formation coincided) to development of the nation. Kohn (1961) wrote that “nationalism transcends localism and kinship; cosmopolitanism transcends…
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