The Problem Of Child Labor

2765 Words12 Pages
Introduction: Outside the natural beauty and scenery across Indonesia and its respective islands, the behind the scenes action of their economy and social development lies in income disparity and ill-fated use of child labor. With a population of around 249.9 million, Indonesia is the fourth largest (in terms of population) in the world; however, 30 percent of the people are under 15 years old. Educational reforms have been at the forefront of the Indonesian government for years and expansion to free and public education access has had significant progress; unfortunately, more than 4 million children of junior secondary school age and below do not attend classes / lectures / seminars. Furthermore, most of these children are then forced to enter the workforce at a very young age and are vulnerable to exploitation. Based on strong research from the International Labour Organization (ILO), “it is estimated that there are 3.2 million children between the ages of 10 – 17 years old in Indonesia engaged in employment with some involved in the worst forms of child labour.” By definition, child labour is described as work that children should/could not be doing because they are too young, or – if they are old enough to work – because it is too dangerous and hazardous or otherwise unsuitable to them. In Indonesia, child labour can be broken down into three subcategories: domestic, plantation, and street/trafficking. Child domestic labour accounts for about 700,000 children with
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