The Problem Of Evil : An Argument Against The Existence Of God

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• The problem of evil (the problem of suffering) is an argument against the existence of God
• The argument against the existence of God is incompatible with the existence of an all-loving, all-powerful God.

Greek Philosopher Epicurus
The Epicurean Paradox
• Is God willing, but not able to prevent evil?
• Answer: Then he is not omnipotent
• Is God able but not willing?
• Then he is malevolent
• Is he both able and willing?
• Then whence cometh evil?
• Is he neither able nor willing?
Then why call him god?

J.L Mackie

The Inconsistent Triad

• God is All-Good (benevolent)
• God is all-powerful (omnipotent)
• But since evil exists, then it must be the case that evil exists

The above argument is the logical problem of evil

They are deductive arguments that try to prove Gods existence is logically incompatible with Evil

The second argument is the evidential problem of evil

William Rowe

The existence of evil makes God’s existence unlikely or improbable Important point: Evil does not mean God does NOT exist, but only implies that God’s probably has a lesser chance of existing.

This argument is inductive, as it doesn’t try to prove its conclusion.

Premise 1: Evil and suffering exist
Premise 2: God is all loving and all powerful
Premise 3: An all loving & powerful God, if he existed, would remove evil and suffering

Conclusion: God does not exist

This is a deductive argument.

Advantage: if premise is true, we have to accept the conclusion

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