The Problem Of Evil And The Design Argument

1487 WordsNov 4, 20166 Pages
Problem of Evil and The Design Argument In order to explain the “Problem of Evil”, how it figures in Hume’s discussion of the argument from design and whether there is a personal acceptance of it, each point needs to be examined. Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion utilizes three characters to represent difference perspectives to the existence of God: Cleanthes, Demea, and Philo. Cleanthes is a skeptic that provides the key voice to the argument from design. Philo, said to be the representation of Hume, provides an almost antagonist duality to the conversation. Demea’s purpose appears to give examples and thoughts solely to be shot down or proven wrong in order to substantiate the argument of the other two. It is within this dialogue that two versions of the design argument are presented and done so through analogy. From the two arguments then comes the concept of the “Problem of Evil”. I seek to try and understand Hume’s concepts and justify an opinion based on his ideas surrounding the existence of God. The Argument from Design The argument from design is used to rationalize the existence of God through analogy. The way Hume explains the argument through Cleanthes is: the universe is similar to that of complex machines; intelligent human creators build machines, therefore the universe must have an intelligent divine creator. Cleanthes analogy seems as though it is supposed to be best explanation of rational religion, but comes off as a
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