The Problem Of Evil, By Robert B. Evans

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Author Bio
Jeremy A. Evans is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary in Wake Forest, North Carolina. He holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from Texas A&M University, a M.Div. in Biblical Languages from Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, and a Ph.D. from Texas A&M University. Dr. Evans has published two main works through B&H publishing company, The Problem of Evil: The Challenge to Essential Christian Beliefs, and The Legitimacy of Christian Moral Thought in the Marketplace of Ideas. Dr. Evans strives to accomplish two things in his teaching and writings; “one, to edify students by challenging them to engage their mind for Christ, and two, provide the necessary tools for independent research
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Evans also looks to distinguish the difference between a defense and a theodicy. Evans’ purpose introducing these theodicies is to merely show that each has its own place within the discussion of the problem of evil, but none of them sufficiently answers the problem of evil. The second chapter found in The Problem of Evil, begins to address the logical problem of evil. Within this chapter Evans breaks down Alvin Plantinga and the free-will defense. Here Evans compares the logical arguments of J.L. Mackie and Alvin Plantinga. Mackie uses a deductive argument to state that if God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and all-good, then evil cannot exist. This would be a contradiction to logic. Plantinga provides a valid argument involving free will to make the case for the existence for evil. Evans uses the remainder of the chapter to compare and contrast the two views. Chapter three evaluates the evidential problem of evil. In this chapter Evans uses William Rowe’s version of the evidential problem. Using Rowe’s argument as a base, Evans then notes the various ways that prominent philosophers such as Kvanvig, Alston, and Wykstra have questioned Rowe’s argument. The author also states that anytime the problem of evil is considered, expanded theism should be the subject. In chapter four the author looks at the defeat of good and evil. Evans processes the mechanics of defeat, conversion and the defeat of evil, and the disposition to act.
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