The Problem Of Health Inequality In The United States

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Achieving and maintaining good health is a goal that all humans share; unfortunately, not all of us have an equal opportunity of accomplishing this. In fact, health inequality remains a deep-rooted, systemic problem, even is well-developed countries like the United States.1 One of the most challenging aspects of solving this problem is the fact that these health differences can be caused by a wide variety of social factors that interact in complex ways. These factors can have health-harming effects that result in conditions that must be addressed with medical treatment, however, while the clinical issue may be resolved, the underlying cause may remain.2 Often, addressing such social complications may require legal action, or at least knowledge of law, which most health care practitioners are not equipped with. Lack of coordination between medical and legal professionals leaves patients without the comprehensive support they need to secure social stability and achieve overall health. Thus, it is clear that an means of organizing the efforts of both of these disciplines is a key step towards solving the problem of health inequality. Health inequality can be described by the similar but distinct concepts of health disparity, healthcare disparity, and social determinants of health (SDH). Health disparities are characterized by a disproportionate burden of disease among a particular population; these are often contributed to or caused by healthcare disparities, which refer to
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