The Problem Of Suffering Is Not Limited

1462 WordsMar 4, 20166 Pages
The problem of suffering is not limited to human society. The awareness of evils, present not only in human society but also in the physical and biological levels, is raised among scientists and theologians who participate in theology-science dialogue. Not only animals but also plants experience sufferings and pains to a certain extent. On the physical level, the increase of entropy according to the 2nd law of thermodynamics is regarded as analogous to the notion of evil on the physical level. Even though the prevalence of evil in the world raises a question as to the goodness of a god in any religion, “The problem is particularly pressing for Abrahamic faiths that insist on God’s fairness, love, and goodness.” In that vein, Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen appositely and acutely points out, “Rampant suffering and acts of evil in the world, both in relation to humanity (moral evil) and to nature (natural evil), constitute a major atheistic challenge concerning the existence of God.” In this paper, rather than presenting a full-scale theodicy, I engage with the problem of theodicy through careful comparative study between Wolfhart Pannenberg’s and Catherine Keller’s theodical arguments in the context of their dialogue with modern physics and biology. Pannenberg sees that theology and natural science are to be placed in hypothetical consonance , whereas Keller takes an assimilationist approach to theology-science dialogue. The divergence of their interdisciplinary

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