The Problem of Water Scarcity

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Water Scarcity is harmful to human life because when water is poorly managed throughout the world, those who need water are deprived of nutrients they truly need causing them to die. This eventually affects the global population. Therefore many experts have proposed several solutions such as the LifeSaver Bottle, TrojanUVPhox treatment system, and Waste Water Recycling. The problem of water scarcity has increasingly spread throughout the world as of yet, The UN reports that within the next half- century up to 7 billion people in 60 countries which is more than the whole present population will face water scarcity (Sawin “Water Scarcity could Overwhelm the Next Generation”). As well the demand for freshwater has tripled…show more content…
Worldwide the greatest impacts will be on the poor, who are most vulnerable to water-borne illness which further aggregates their poverty. Currently, 1.1 billion people lack access to clean water and 2.4 billion lack adequate sanitation. In 2000, an estimated 2.2 million people, most of them infants or children under five died from water related diseases ( Salzman 153). It is not only the poor who are at risk two reports published in New Jersey revealed that the state’s drinking water supply contains hundreds of chemicals, including steroids, detergents, pesticides, preservatives, and prescription medications (Sawin “Water Scarcity could Overwhelm the Next Generation”). While all were found only in low concentrations, researchers cannot rule out possible health risks of ingesting low levels of multiple chemicals over long periods of time. The water bodies studied contained antibiotics that breed drug-resistant bacteria, and encrodine disruptors believed to cause neurological and reproductive birth defects. Other studies in the U.S. and Europe have yielded comparable results, with hundreds of lakes, streams, and rivers testing positive for traces of similar chemicals (Sawin “Water Scarcity could Overwhelm the Next Generation”). The scarcity of safe drinking water also hurts developing countries. Women and girls spend a large part of their day collecting domestic water. This squeezes out their opportunities for employment or education, accumulating gender inequality and

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