The Problems of Urbanization

1855 WordsAug 30, 20118 Pages
PROBLEMS OF URBANIZATION Urbanization, or urban drift is the physical growth of urban areas as a result of global change. Urbanization is also defined by the United Nations as movement of people from rural to urban areas with population growth equating to urban migration. The United Nations projected that half of the world's population would live in urban areas at the end of 2008 Urbanization is closely linked to modernization, industrialization, and the sociological process of rationalization. Urbanization can describe a specific condition at a set time, i.e. the proportion of total population or area in cities or towns, or the term can describe the increase of this proportion over time. So the term urbanization can represent the level…show more content…
Within these communities, organizations such as Non Governmental organization, are involved in empowerment projects, which have goals of community upliftment. An individual may be classified as living in poverty if he or she earns less than J$38,409.15 per year. Of the total percentage of people living in poverty, 50.7% are male and 49.3% are females. This almost fifty-fifty cut has been the result of women at larger number completing higher levels of education whereas in most counties the females are more disadvantaged than the males. Only 47% of the total percentage of people living below the poverty line is a part of the labor force (ages 15 – 64). There is a high level of inequality in where the wealthiest 20% of the population controls 46% of the national consumption, while the poorest 20% controlled only 5.3% of the national consumption. Thus the wealthiest 10% consumed more that 12.5 times of the poorest 10%. Criminal activity With inequalities such as this, it is not too hard to believe that Kingston’s reputation as a place of violence ranks third in the world. Gang violence and shootings occur regularly in inner-city areas of Kingston. Some inner-city neighborhoods are occasionally subject to curfews and police searches. Impromptu street protests sometimes occur, during which demonstrators often construct roadblocks or otherwise block the streets. The Honorable Percival Patterson -
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