1106 WordsOct 8, 20155 Pages

In social research, traditional and non-traditional methods are used to explore and examine research queries and relate methods of data collection and observation. One conventionally accepted method is through deductive logic. Deductive logic is research that begins with a theory and arrives at a specific expectation through a series of scientific steps. Both explanatory and exploratory techniques can be used in deductive. In contrast, inductive methods, in which researchers examine specific data sets and detect general patterns, are considered non-traditional. In inductive logic, “the identification of empirical patterns result in a generalization about some social process” (Schutt, 2012, p. 45).
The process of deduction logic begins with statements, also known as 'premises ', that are assumed to be true. A determination is made regarding additional factors that must be true if the premises are true. A special logical structure, known as modus ponens, is a rule asserting that a “hypothetical proposition according to which if the antecedent be affirmed, the consequent is affirmed” (Merriam-Webster, 2015). The form of any argument having the structure of modus ponens is as follows: Given P, if P then Q, so, Q. Using this structure, any argument is stated as the major premise, the minor premise, and the conclusion. In this way, the statements are evaluated in terms of validity and soundness.
The strength of deductive reasoning is its consideration of validity and

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