The Process Of Producing Nuclear Energy From Thorium

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This essay focuses on the process of producing nuclear energy from thorium. First, basic information about the element is covered as well as its uses up until the present. Next, the history of thorium energy is covered, including details of previous successful studies and experiments. This is supplemented with a detailed explanation of the benefits and drawbacks of thorium energy, and this is immediately followed by a brief explanation of the chemistry behind the technology. Finally, the future of the thorium energy is discussed, along with a few examples of companies, governments, and organizations which are currently researching and promoting the concept.

Thorium has long been the subject of scientific research ever
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Things are starting to turn around for thorium though, as people are beginning to realize that thorium power offers cleaner, more powerful, and safer energy than anything humanity has ever known before, and they are beginning to take action to make thorium more widely known as an important prospective energy source. Fig. 1. Thorium Element. Digital image. Periodictable.com. Periodictable.com. Web. 15 May 2016

Fig. 2. Karolewski, Lucasz. Thorium Lantern Mantle. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 28 Jan. 2014. Web. 15 May 2016
Thorium is a silvery radioactive metal which was discovered in 1828 and is relatively common in nature (see fig. 1) (World Nuclear Association). According to the World Nuclear Association, thorium is about three times more abundant than uranium; an average average soil sample contains about 3ppm thorium, making the element about as common as lead. In nature, thorium occurs only as Th-232, which has a half-life of about 3 times the age of the earth (World Nuclear Association). Thorium has found use in the past in some objects such as light bulbs, lantern mantels, and some ceramics as thorium oxide because of its exceptionally high melting point (see fig. 2) (World Nuclear Association).
Estimates show there are over 6 million metric tons of thorium worldwide, which could be extracted at a profitable rate, making the element a viable candidate for nuclear energy production (OECD). In fact, thorium was even being researched as a
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