The Process of Criminal Investigation and Evidence Essay

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“The investigation of [a]crime encompasses the collection of information and evidence for identifying, apprehending, and convicting suspected offenders” (Osterburg). Many things may come to mind when an investigation is mentioned, such as TV shows of Law and Order, CSI and Criminal Minds. The realities of an investigation though differ from these TV shows immensely. In reality, there are certain responsibilities an investigator must go through to achieve the evidence needed to prosecute the offender and close the case successfully. It is important to understand that an investigation ultimately contributes the resolution of crimes, which also leads to the crucial process and effort in gathering evidence to accomplish the prosecution of the…show more content…
For example, it can demonstrate the placement of a shooter through the direction of bullets fired, in addition appoint multiple shooters at the scene of crime. It is crucial to secure the crime scene from possible contaminants, since it can alter and further delay the reconstruction of the crime scene. Initially, there must be a crime scene for an investigation to take place. They are two types of crime scenes: primary and secondary crime. The primary crime scene is where there is an imperative amount of evidence, which indicates where most of the serious action took place (Grant and Terry). Secondary crime scene refers to any other scene that’s not where the original crime took place, for example, it can be a dump site of a body, or a getaway car of a robber. An important aspect to consider about a crime scene and the investigator itself is if it lies within their jurisdiction. If the crime scene does not fall under that investigators jurisdiction, he or she has no reason to be able to pursue its investigation (Osterburg). What I might find most difficult is to link an offender to a crime a scene. As I mentioned before, when the first officer passes on the report to the investigator, they have the deciding factor to pursue all details given or to only attend to certain specific details that jump out on them. In determining their decision they address the When, Where, Who, What, How and Why (Osterburg). It is in the Who, where in most cases, the offender is
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