The Process of In-Vitro Fertilization

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The process of in vitro fertilization: Infertility refers to the inability of a certain couple to produce children after using no birth controls methods. In females, problems of infertility arise due to the problems of the fallopian tube. And in males, problems of infertility arise due to the defect in sperm quality. Due to this, sperm faces the difficulty in penetrating the egg. To overcome this problem, IVF or in vitro fertilization is used which is a method of assisted reproduction where egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body of a woman. It is process where man's sperm and woman's egg are combined in a laboratory dish and the resulting embryo is then implanted back in woman's body which then develops naturally. It is considered a major treatment of infertility in a couple and therefore, enables couples to have children who otherwise cannot conceive normally. The process of in vitro fertilization includes five stage procedures which begin with ovulation monitoring of a woman. Many screening tests are performed before starting the IVF cycle. The typical tests include the ultrasound of the ovaries and the uterus i.e. the process of IVF begins by keeping track of the woman's ovulatory process. Next step involves the retrieval of the egg i.e. removing ova (egg) from the body of a woman which is done by the transvaginal process. This can be done either under light medication or minor anesthesia. Then, once the eggs have been retrieved, sperms collected from a man are
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