The Process of Photosynthesis and Practicals

3109 Words12 Pages
Introduction One of the most important bological processes on earth is photosynthesis. Plants that comprise the majority of the food we consume need photosynthesis in order to produce life sustaining energy. This energy is harnessed by the sun. If it were not for photosynthesis to capture and use this vital energy, life itself would be minimal or almost non-existent. Photosynthesis entails a process that involves complex and fundamental actions that occur in plants, algae as well as some bacteria. They use sunlight to produce carbohydrates. Oxygen is then created from carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (Jackson, 2008). The carbohydrates created through photosynthesis enables growth and normal functioning for the plant to sustain life. Here is an example of a formulation of photosynthesis by Campbell et al. Light 6CO2 + 6H20 ----------------------- 6 (CH2O) + 6O2 Chlorophyll (Campbell et al. 2009) Chloroplasts are the main place for photosynthesis to occur in plants occurs. Chloroplasts are important organelles, and can be found within plant cells. The structure of chloroplasts are complex networks of sacs. These are called thylakoids. Chlorophyll. located within the membranes of thylakoids, give color to plants (Campbell et al. 2009). Cholrophyll is a key component in allowing most photosynthesis. Chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b are the two forms within chlorophyll. Along with chlorophylls, chloroplasts contain other photosynthesising pigments. These are called carotene
Open Document