The Process of Reforming the United Nations

2045 WordsJul 15, 20189 Pages
The process of reforming the United Nations (UN) has been a highly debatable issue among the international community. Since the initial signing of the UN Charter in 1945, the world has changed dramatically as the UN is trying to regulate a forum that assesses and deals with global issues while also struggling to unite all 193 member states of the UN when some states have been seen to have conflicting ideas and personal agendas (Teng, 2003, pp. 2-3). This essay is targeted to highlight what I feel are the most pressing arguments for UN reform amongst the international community. This will be done by highlighting the problems and ongoing issues surrounding the lack of representation and P5 power of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC),…show more content…
67-68). Achieving this however might be difficult, as some argue that both permanent and rotating states could tend to pursue their own interest first before thinking about what is best for their region (Reus-Smith, et al., 2004, p. 8). These regions might be represented physically, but they could prefer not to represent the common regional stance. So it is not necessarily certain that any of these new states want to be permanent only due to lack regional representation, and that maybe these states want the power, influence and status that the P5 have. That is also a deterrent for allowing these states to have the veto power, as it would further highlight the difficulties that the veto power causes. The veto power is used to ensure that each P5 state is able to trump and overrule any resolution, and thus no resolution drafted by the UNSC can be put into action until all P5 members agree or choose to abstain (Reus-Smith, et al., 2004, p. 4). P5 states make the argument that the veto is an important necessity to keeping international order, as they try to use the veto as a potential constraint on individual actions that are against the UNs interests. Thus the UNSC veto system is firmly based on the belief that P5 members should only use their power on behalf of the wide and diverse member states of the UN (Reus-Smith, et al., 2004, p. 6). Members States are not on the council as well as non-permanent members
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