The Process of Reforming the United Nations

1843 WordsJul 12, 20188 Pages
The process of reforming the United Nations (UN) has been a highly debated issue among members of the international community. Since the initial signing of the UN Charter in 1945, the world has changed dramatically. The UN is trying to regulate a forum that assesses and deals with global issues while also struggling to unite all 193 member states, some of whom have been seen to have conflicting ideas and individual agendas (Teng, 2003, pp. 2-3). This essay highlights what I feel are the most pressing arguments for UN reform. In it I focus on problems and ongoing issues surrounding the UN Security Council (UNSC), arguing that the UNSC’s representation is out of date and its activities rooted in self interest and power politics as…show more content…
8). There is a risk that these states may be more motivated by the power, influence and status of permanent UNSC membership and the associated power of veto. The veto power is used to ensure that each P5 state is able to overrule any resolution, so that no resolution drafted by the UNSC can be put into action until all P5 members agree or choose to abstain (Reus-Smith, et al., 2004, p. 4). The UNSC veto system is firmly based on the belief that P5 members should only use their power on behalf of the wide and diverse member states of the UN (Reus-Smith, et al., 2004, p. 6). P5 states make the argument that the veto is an important necessity to keep international order, using their veto rights as a potential constraint on individual actions that are against the UNs interests. Members States that are not on the council as well as non-permanent members disagree with the way the veto is used in practice, arguing that veto decisions that are made by P5 members are often selfishly motivated and not reflective of the will of the General Assembly and all 193 member states (Teng, 2003, p. 5). A prominent example of the exploitation of the UNSC system was the unauthorized invasion of Iraq by the United States in 2003. Throughout the build up to their invasion, the US seemed incredibly unwilling to follow the established
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