The Production Of Hydrocarbons From Conventional Resources

1231 Words Nov 22nd, 2015 5 Pages
Introduction
With increasing industrialization, energy consumption and demand have steadily grown at a rate of 2.2% per year from 2005 to 2014, and continue to rise. [1] Meanwhile, the production of hydrocarbons from conventional resources is declining. In order to meet the rise in energy demand, new hydrocarbon reserves must be found and produced. Salt is an ideal hydrocarbon trap because of it’s low permeability and capacity to deform under stress and temperature. Therefore, large oil and gas reservoirs are associated with salt formations. Oil and gas reserves associated with salt formations have been estimated at 1.2 billion barrels of oil (“BBO”) and 15 trillion cubic feet of natural gas (“TCF”) on the Continental Shelf of the northern Gulf of Mexico (“GoM”), and do not include additional reserves discovered in the deepwater Miocene play. [7]
The discovery by the oil and gas industry of vast hydrocarbon reserves beyond the continental shelf of the GoM, under thousands of feet of water and covered by immense, thick sheets of salt, require new and innovative solutions in order to reach the hydrocarbon deposits. Because drilling in these formations is perilous, initially, drilling salt intervals was avoided. However, new technologies are being developed, allowing safer drilling in salt.
The major problems associated with drilling of salt formations are lost circulation, stuck tools, wellbore erosion, excessive torque and packoffs caused by salt creep, well-control issues,…
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