The Project Management Office: An Overview

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Project Management Office

The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK), published by the Project Management Institute, addresses the objective of a Project Management Office (PMO) as follows:
PMO is an organizational body or entity assigned various responsibilities related to the centralized and coordinated management of those projects under its domain. The responsibilities of a PMO can range from providing project management support functions to actually being responsible for the direct management of a project.
(PMBOK, 2008)
Young says that a PMO is a collective body serving the organization with a focus on the practice of project management. It acts to identify issues that support and facilitate desired outcomes from projects within the organization. (Young, 2009).
Purpose and Mission
A PMO is a staff unit within an enterprise that has the organizational responsibility to define and maintain standards for project management. The principal goal of a PMO is to add value to the organization from its work in creating and monitoring policies, methods and processes of the practice of project management. When mature, the PMO may strive to be the well spring for documentation, measurements- and consulting guidance as it pertains to the implementation and management of projects within the organization. As a second responsibility, not universally found in all organizations, the PMO may take a more active role in project-related work by enforcing standards and auditing
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