The Propaganda Machine

1552 WordsJun 25, 20187 Pages
George Orwell was the pen name for Eric Arthur Blair (1903-1950), who growing up in London was aware of some of the atrocities people lived through during a time of war. Orwell who had worked for the British military police, disliked the cruelties of the imperial system, and had distrust for a tyrannical government. He blends various components that are representative of the regimes and philosophies of Stalin, Mussolini, and Hitler in his novel, 1984. This novel provides a look inside the life of a man living in a totalitarian future society in which individuals had no rights of free speech, free publication, free association, or the right to form political parties. There would be only one governmental party (Ingsoc), which imposed its…show more content…
Orwell used Goldstein as a scapegoat to unite the people against a common enemy. This technique is a major indicator of a totalitarian state. Big Brother (the Party) used the Two-Minute Hate spiel to influence all those against the Party. Through propaganda these men made the people in their countries believe that these scapegoats were the cause of all the problems and used this to unite the people. By playing on the fears, hopes, and weaknesses of the people, the scapegoat ties in with one of the main ways that dictators can gain power. When Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini each came into power, the people were told their leaders could make them powerful, respected, and united against a common enemy, and thus achieve success. In a totalitarian state it was necessary to have a military power and a police state. Orwell uses the Thought Police in the same way as an effective deterrent in punishing those who spoke out against the party. Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini each had their own secret police. Hitler's were called storm troopers (SA), used to arrange violence to eliminate Hitler's enemies. Stalin used the GPU (the new version of the Cheka) for intimidation and torture to make enemies of the state give false confessions of crimes against the state or party, and consequently condemned to prison or death. Mussolini's secret police were called the Fasci, who took an oath of
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