The Pros And Cons Of Bioethics

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In healthcare, bioethics is studied to improve patient outcomes and treatment. Research is conducted by bioethicists on ethical, social, and legal issues that have come about in biomedicine (National Institute of Health). Since the beginning of time, much knowledge has been gained through experimentation. Healthcare is an everchanging field in which experimentation is a key aspect. Some research can be done without using humans as test subjects, however, others must be tested on humans. The primary purpose of medical research involving human subjects is to understand the causes, development and effects or diseases and improve preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic interventions (World Medical Association). Accordingly, there are fundamental boundaries that should be respected, relating to the principles of beneficence, nonmaleficence, autonomy, and justice. The World Medical Association (WMA) originally adopted the Declaration of Helsinki in 1964, which protects the ethical principles involving human subjects. It serves as a statement of ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, as well as research on discernable human substance and data. The document provides guidelines to ensure that the life, well-being, dignity, integrity, privacy, autonomy, and confidentiality of subjects are protected (WMA). Though the declaration is not a legal document, it has been integrated into laws governing medical research across the world. Before a research
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