The Pros And Cons Of Capital Punishment

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“Thou shalt not kill” the bible says, yet since 1976 including 2017 1463 people have been executed in the United States. Since capital punishment was first put on the books in 18th century B.C. capital punishment has often been surrounded by controversy ranging from the moral and religious concerns like above to economic issues. However despite all this debate and increasing disapproval, the death penalty is still legal in 31 states and used by the federal government today. The death penalty even made it through a moratorium by the supreme court from 1968 through 1977 to determine the death penalty's constitutionality. This persistence of capital punishments use throughout the United States despite its controversy would not be possible without one thing however, supporters and politicians belief that executions deter murder. This notion seems like a common sense conclusion, people do not want to die so they would not kill if it put them at risk of being killed. Thus, the hypothesis of this research is that the death penalty is a successful deterrent to murder. For the purpose of this research the death penalty will mean “... the lawful infliction of death as a punishment … used in the United States … carried out by one of five lawful means: electrocution, hanging, lethal injection, gas chamber, and firing squad” ( Gale Encyclopedia of American Law). Another other important term to define is murder which for this paper will mean, “ The unlawful killing of another human being

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