The Pros And Cons Of Cocaine

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What is Cocaine? Cocaine is the most powerful stimulant of natural origin. It is taken from the leaves of the coca plant which is native to the Andean highlands of South America. It is a potent brain stimulant and one of the most addictive drugs. In ancient times, South American natives used coca for religious and medicinal purposes. The natives took advantage of cocaine’s stimulant properties to fight fatigue and hunger or to enhance endurance. The growth, harvest of the coca plant and the extraction and synthesis of cocaine Cocaine is a naturally occurring alkaloid found in certain varieties of the coca plant. The plant can grow in widely varied climates and soil conditions, though the highest cocaine content is found in plants that are…show more content…
It takes time for the body to produce more and when you use cocaine you can deplete your supply of neurotransmitters which are required for the normal day functioning of your body. This can cause feelings of depression and lethargy making it difficult to take pleasure in things that would normally feel good. It means that repeated use of cocaine or other drugs that interact with these neurotransmitters such as ecstasy or amphetamines will result in less return as the drugs will have no neurotransmitters to draw upon hence tolerance can easily build up on stimulants. Short and Long Term Effects of Cocaine The short term physiological effects of cocaine include constricted blood vessels, dilated pupils, and increased temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. Large amounts intensify the user’s high, but may also lead to bizarre, erratic, and violent behavior. The short term effects on the brain are tremors, vertigo, muscle twitches, paranoia. Some users of cocaine report feelings of restlessness, irritability, and anxiety The long term effects of cocaine are very extreme. Once having tried cocaine, an individual may have difficulty controlling the urge to use the drug and the perspective might change leaving the consumption of the drug as primordial. Cocaine’s stimulant and addictive effects are due primarily as a result of its ability to stop the reabsorption of dopamine by nerve
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