The Pros And Cons Of Democratic Deficit

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Abstract This article focuses on Democracy and Democratic Deficit, critics of Democratic Legitimacy on European Union. In what extent EU responds fundamental principles of Democracy, which kind of democratic deficit exists in European Union. Both arguments –pro and anti- clarified main problems of democracy in the case of Andrew Moravscik and Giandomenico Majone’s explanation of the deficit. Key words: democracy, democratic legitimacy, democratic deficit, participation, election, European citizens. Introduction The European Union is a polity which both political and economic integration is completed step by step began after The Second World War (WWII). As a result of two destructive world wars which mainly acquired territory of European…show more content…
As we know Demos means People in Greek and the whole translate of Democracy is “rule of law by people”. There are fundamental characteristics of democracy such as right to speech, right to association, right to elect and therefore especially in the liberal democracy such principles designed the basic fundaments. It means that to prevent of human rights is important matter in the democratic ruling and liberal countries. First attempt to democracy was in 1215 when English king, John signed “Magna Carta” – the first declaration of human rights. If one of these principles would not provide then there is deficit in Democracy. In normal democratic society the government should depend on people and people should take responsibility. One of the main fundamental characteristic or principles of democracy is right to election. Election is not just right in democratic society but also is the responsibility of people; they should participate in election for being active participating governing process. The participation of people in decision making processes has two types: direct and representative. However, in direct participation citizen should participate in governing process to protect own rights and freedoms. Actually direct participation only used in small community, organizations, where you could gather all members in one room. The other one is representative in which people elect officials for represent them in decision making…show more content…
Legitimacy is explained as political system was recognized by citizen and must be responsible to needs of public. Majority of researchers argues that EU democratic legitimacy is not sufficient if democratic values were adapted to EU and these shortcomings called “democratic deficits”. As a term democratic deficit was coined in 1970s by David Margued to explain imbalances in European Community institutions. Democratic deficit in EU was classified into two parts: lack of legitimacy in political and institutional structure of EU such as weakness of transparency, impairment in checks and balances system, inadequate of electoral accountability; lack of socio-psychological beliefs –public trust, popularity, public acceptance- to legitimacy. Commonly, EU institutions suffer from complexity and
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