This essay will be focused on the problem, related with ethnic groups and their persistence in times of contemporary Europe. What are ethnic groups? Main features and concept of them. How did they appear? Which positions and power do they hold in nowadays world? Exclusivism vs. Inclusivism. What means these terms? Which approach from these two have different ethnic groups? What is the European Union policy towards them? On these and some other questions I will try to find answers in the text below.
Introduction If we start talking about ethnic groups in nowadays world, this topic could seem easy to be defined, but is sort of tricky though. “Ethnic group is a minority group in certain country”, - some might say. This is where it gets a bit…show more content… Members of an ethnic group are conscious of belonging to an ethnic group.” As we can see from the definition – main features of each ethnic group is their peculiar culture, as well as language or religion, etc. Ethnic diversity is one of forms of the social complexity, present in the majority of contemporary societies.
Basically, there are 3 main reasons of existence of ethnic groups: wars’ results, which is the legacy of conquests that brought people under the rule of another, dominant group; slavery, or people being transported for their labor or their technical and business skills; migration for reasons such as political refugees or economical situation and job searching,…show more content… Two completely different approaches, usually taken by ethnic groups. First of all, I would use dictionary help in order to define these two terms:
“Exclusivism – the practice of excluding or of being exclusive.”
“Inclusivism – the practice of being inclusive and acceptance of other belief systems.”
By doing this small search through the internet, I found out that often these terms refer to religion. For example, inclusivism is also the view that all religions have a partial truth; while exclusivist approach, in Christianity in instance, says that Jesus Christ is the only true way to God.
However in terms of ethnic groups, these approaches have own meanings, which, I would guess, are pretty similar with approaches in religion, simply taking a slight different direction. Without looking on any dictionary or material, it would be logical enough to presume that ethnic minority groups, that are using inclusivist approach are fine and satisfied, living peacefully among the dominant population, are probably more integrated into the society; while other ethnic minority groups, that are using exclusivist approach would like more to become an independent and sovereign nation; such thing as ghettos are more common in these regions