The Pros And Cons Of Non-Compliance

1200 Words5 Pages
Introduction
One of the most common behavioral issues that many teachers and parents observe in children is non-compliance. Non-compliance can be an obstacle for teachers in the classroom, especially when trying to teach the children new skills necessary for academic success. For some children with disabilities, non-compliance can interfere with teaching skills that are necessary for gaining independence. The behavior of non-compliance usually comes in the form of refusal to complete a task either from verbal refusal, physical aggression, or escape behaviors such as running away. These behaviors can not only make it difficult to teach new skills to a child, but also be very disruptive to a classroom, can cause injury to the child or another, and can decrease the child’s ability to succeed in school or gain independence.
A common intervention that is implemented in many Applied Behavior Analysis settings is the token economy intervention. The token economy implements the use of small tangibles such as tokens, that are earned for a wanted behavior or the absence of an unwanted behavior. When the child earns a set number of tokens, the child can trade these tokens in for a backup reinforcer that is known to be a motivating operation. These reinforcers need to be a reward’s the child is motivated to either perform the wanted behavior or abstain from doing the unwanted behaviors.
Many studies have shown the positive effects of token economies in decreasing unwanted behaviors and increasing wanted behaviors. Hegel, M. (1998) looked into increasing compliance in an 18-year-old male with a TBI in a rehabilitation setting through the use of a token economy. The researcher defined compliance as anytime the client complied with therapeutic interventions. He also chose to look at changes in disruptive behaviors that included anytime the client was disruptive to the treatment of other patients. To implement the token economy, the client was given a paper clip based on each time he complied with a therapist’s request. The researcher concluded that by using the token economy, a contingent reinforcer, and goal setting, his compliance increased from 9% to 76%.
A second study by Carnet, A., et al. (2014), researched the
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