The Pros and Cons of Biofuel

859 WordsFeb 2, 20183 Pages
Biofuel is a natural alternative fuel created from carbon fixation. Carbon fixation happens in both living and dead material and is known as biomass conversion. In other words, Biofuel uses naturally grown plant matter or plant-derived materials, (biomass) to convert energy and must contain over 80% renewable matter. The biomass can then be converted in three different ways: thermal, chemical, and biochemical. The conversion of biomass creates fuel in solid, liquid, and gas form. The product of this process creates biofuel. Biofuels have increased in popularity as the rise of oil prices and with the push for alternative energy. Types of Biofuel There are first-generation fuels are second-generation fuels. The first generation fuels break down into Ethanol, Biodiesel, Green diesel, vegetable oil, biogas, etc. To be considered a first-generation fuel it must be made from sugars, starch or vegetable oil. In contrast to first-generation fuels, the second-generation fuels are more advanced and made from more complex elements. There are three main types of biofuels, (ethanol, biodiesel, biomass) and depending on how they are created determines each. (Wikipedia). Ethanol is produced by corn and sugarcane by a process called enzyme digestion to release sugars from stored starches. It is the primary biofuel world wide because it can go directly into the gasoline tank, but specifically in Brazil. (Wikipedia). Biodiesel is produced from oil and animal oil. Some companies even

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