The Pros and Cons of Proportional Representation (PR)

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The results of recent elections in Britain raised many significant questions about current political situation in the country, particularly concerning electoral system. Therefore the problem of “crisis” in democracy of Britain was the subject of wide speculation among analysts and political scientists over last years. In addition it is widely recognized that the traditional electoral system in the UK-first past the post- is the main cause of that crisis and should be replaced as part of a plan to reconstitute the democratic culture (Kelly 2008). By longstanding critics of the system, opponents advocate the use of proportional representation (PR) for selecting MPs. Due to this problem it is going to be a referendum on changing the electoral …show more content…
Overall public participation estimated to be 10-12 rercent higher in countries with PR than in appropriate countries having FPTP (Lijphart 1997). This is mostly because of the trust of people that their vote would be reckoned, supporters of small parties are likely to be represented by delegates to share their political views and beliefs.
According to many researches PR provides better representation for racial and sexual minorities. The 1982 amendments to the Voting Rights Act in USA leaded to increase in number of Black and Latino members in House (Guinier 1994). Due to increase of representation, PR in turn inspires minority communities to activate and win access to authority.
Also it could be argued that PR finishes gerrymandering, the process of drawing distinctive lines for political purposes. If to believe the words of congresswoman E, Johnson the redistricting process "is not one of kindness. It is not one of sharing. It is a power grab." PR makes gerrymandering more difficult, the smaller the percentage of “wasted votes” – the harder for legislators to manipulate election results.
Despite its flaws, there are many drawbacks of changing which may have negative consequences. The belief is wrong, according to which the
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