The Protestant Reformation Essays

3075 Words 13 Pages
During the Late Middle Ages, Christian followers and clergy were becoming increasingly concerned about the corruption of the church. Some had even declared that the dogma was false, however, the church had dealt with similar challenges before. In the 1500’s a new series of attacks on the church’s authority had started to destroy Christianity creating both political and cultural consequences.
At the center of the changes happening in Germany was Martin Luther who lived between 1483 and 1546. His life began simply enough. His father was a merchant and his grandfather was a peasant. Luther originally went to university to become a lawyer, when he had, “the calling” to become a not-so-humble Augustinian monk in 1505. He spent his life
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He also believed the doctrine strayed from the teachings of Saint Augustine, who like Luther, believed that God had alone chosen specific souls that were worthy of being saved, and that all others were damned to hell. This was called the Doctrine of Predestination. The church however, adopted a more gentle approach to all of this by using the arguments of Saint Thomas Aquinas. The church decided that the taking of church administered sacraments and being a good Christian was all that needed to be saved from a life of sin.
In 1513, Luther dealt with a conversion experience crisis. Concerned that he could not get over his own personal sin and be in God’s favor, he could not for the life of himself, figure out why God wanted man to follow the commandments, knowing they would be broken, hence being damned. He dove into the Old Testament and finally decided that the way to God’s grace was to find it alone in one’s faith. With this revelation, he considered himself “born again.”
Luther believed after all of that that God had granted him salvation without regard to his behavior, and on this point he disagreed with St. Augustine who argued that there was no way of knowing whether or not you had been saved by God. Luther knew it. His concept about the Justification by Faith remained is main postulate and established his messy break-up with Rome.
In 1517, gain little interest with his debate over indulgences. Prince Albert of Brandenburg bought his way into his…