The Psychoanalytic Instinct Theory

1606 Words Jan 9th, 2018 6 Pages
An instinct's "object" is the mode via which you can attain an instinctual aim. However, the agent is generally perceived as the other person. Mostly, the first object of an infant is his mother. (Ainsworth, 1969) In one's first year of life the foundation of object relations is laid. It is agreed by the psychoanalysts that the first relationship an infant has with his mother is oral in nature. Quite a few psychoanalysts make use of the term dependency in order to typify the infant's pre-objectal relations.
Behaviorism
In psychology during the 1920s and 1950s the initial paradigm was "Behaviorism" which talks about the behavior which is observable in contrast to emotions or thinking. The behavior which is observable can be measured scientifically as well as objectively. The environment which one lives in defines their behavior.
Attachment Theory
Late in the 1960s John Bowlby introduced the attachment theory in which hypothesized that for ideal health and survival the infant needs to have an intimate as well as warm relationship with the mother or caregiver. It is the rule of nature that when we are born along with us comes our instincts and reflexes with which we tend to naturally interact with our primary caregiver.
From Freud onwards, majority of the psychoanalytic writers have utilized the term attachment when they make reference to…
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