The Psychoanalytical Theory Of Aggression

1297 Words Jan 18th, 2016 6 Pages
Aggression can be defined as a range of behaviours, which can result in both physical and psychological harm to oneself, others or an object in the environment. Baron and Richardson (1994) claim aggression is a form of anti-social behaviour, which shows a lack of emotional concern for the welfare of others. There are various explanations for the cause of aggression, one of them being the biological explanation. This theory focuses on aggression as an innate tendency involving the instinct theory, ethology, hormones and genes to explain human aggression.

The Psychoanalytical theory originated with the work of Freud (1920) who developed a theory of human behaviour, including that of aggressive behaviour, as a product of 'unconscious ' forces operating within an individual 's mind. These behaviours had a profound impact on the individual 's adult behaviour, due to being influenced by issues of conflict. Freud believed that when a person is born, distinct fundamental drives contribute to the development of behaviour. Thanatos, known as the ‘death instinct’, builds up aggressive energy, which then needs to be released. He also claimed that the primitive forces for both the life and death instincts seek constant expression and satisfaction, whilst constantly and continually opposing one another, with aggression being the result of this conflict. Within the psychoanalytical model, the conflict between the different parts of the psyche results in tension within the individual.…
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