The Psychological Health Of Human And Obedience

991 WordsMay 25, 20174 Pages
Risking the psychological health of human’s to understand power and obedience Risking the psychological wellbeing of humans has been mostly necessary to understand power and obedience. Since the 1960s unethical experiments have been conducted to understand the mechanisms behind these phenomena. Recent studies explore the necessity of those unsafe practices to arouse new ideas in the psychological literature. Conversely, they also exploit the unnecessary risks of practices in which could’ve been alleviated to minimize harm to participants. Till this day, experiments conducted since the 1960s have been important to understand power and obedience. An experiment by Milgram (1963) involved assigning participants to a “teacher” role whereby…show more content…
They used this anguish to describe mental confliction between stopping for the “learner” and continuing for science. This is evidence that participants are considering the experimenters expectations and not blindly obeying (Haslam and Reicher, 2012). Furthermore, Burger (2009) replicated aspects of Milgram’s experiment in an ethical manner, but found difficulties in gaining strong results. For example, Burger allowed a maximum voltage of 150mv (contrasting to Milgram’s 450mv) and could only predict whether participants would go further. Milgram’s unethical practices played critical roles in gaining the robust results he did. Moreover, Milgram was able to gain interesting results by not granting participants the clear right to withdraw. His participants were not immediately excused and were prodded to stay when they didn’t want to (Milgram, 1963). Haslam and Reicher (2012) explored subject’s reactions to the different types of prods. They unveiled that participants tended to continue administering shocks when their actions were justified by the benefits towards science. Burger (2009) noted that when they were prodded with no subtle justification, most refused to continue. Milgram executed other important unethical practices. Milgram’s experiment (1962) required the deceiving of participants to obtain robust results. Milgram strongly deceived participants into thinking they were harming the “learner” causing them great emotional distress. Regardless of this distress
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